After testing damaging for the third time at his Rome quarters, Gregory’s quarantine lifted Saturday morning.
Hours later, he’d acquired a title that heightens his clout and profile contained in the Catholic Church — and makes him one of many papal electors — at a time of fierce American racial inequities and division.
Gregory stated in a videoconference interview that he hopes to be a “voice for the African American group within the pope’s ear.”
“Among the many people who have congratulated me and wished me nicely, associates and colleagues, I’ve heard this: It’s about time,” Gregory stated, referring to a Black American turning into a cardinal. “However it is usually an necessary recognition that the African American, the Black Catholic group, is a crucial part throughout the bigger, common church.”
The was the seventh time that Pope Francis had convened a consistory, because the ceremony is understood. The occasions typically are colourful and full of formality, they usually have performed an underappreciated function in Francis’s efforts to rework the church, as he step by step builds a church management that displays his priorities and types.
The Catholic Church now has 229 cardinals, 128 of whom are underneath 80 years previous and eligible to vote for the subsequent pope. Of these 128, 73 have been named by Francis. Which means Francis-picked cardinals will comprise the bulk within the subsequent conclave.
The occasion Saturday was attended by previous cardinals in addition to the brand new ones — with the brand new ones sitting in particular person seats flanking the pope. Francis recited a homily in addition to the names of the incoming cardinal class. Most selected to take away their masks when kneeling earlier than the pope to obtain their purple hats; Gregory saved his on. The pope, as has been his behavior all through the pandemic, didn’t put on a masks.
After the ceremony, Francis took the brand new cardinals to pay a go to to retired Pope Benedict XVI, 93, who lives in a monastery contained in the Vatican. In accordance with a Vatican spokesman, Benedict “expressed his pleasure” for the go to and gave the cardinals his blessing.
Lately, Francis has chosen new cardinals enthusiastic about migration and significant of nationalism. He has additionally gone additional than his predecessors in appointing non-European cardinals, an acknowledgment of how Catholicism’s energy base has tilted towards Africa and South America.
Gregory, who turns 73 in December, is the fourth American named a cardinal by Francis.
Gregory stated he acquired the information of his elevation solely after Francis had introduced it publicly, in an October Angelus service in St. Peter’s Sq.. Gregory was instructed of the choice in a 6:30 a.m. cellphone name by Cardinal Kevin Farrell.
“I wish to be the primary to congratulate you,” Gregory remembers Farrell saying.
“I used to be humbled and grateful and somewhat tearful all rolled up in a single,” Gregory stated.
When Francis first introduced the brand new cardinals, it was unclear whether or not the Vatican would even attempt to maintain an in-person consistory. However Gregory and a lot of the different new cardinals determined to come back. Gregory examined damaging for the coronavirus earlier than leaving Washington, was examined once more upon arrival in Italy, after which went into quarantine in the identical residence the place Francis lives.
“I believed I might do it safely,” Gregory stated. “And eventually, I feel the Holy Father desires a face-to-face consistory.”
Gregory’s promotion to cardinal had been anticipated, relationship to his appointment final yr as archbishop of Washington — a place that usually comes with a cardinal’s hat. The place is each excessive profile and complex, half faith and half politics, and it has pushed the usually average, mild-mannered Gregory to turn into extra outspoken. In June, he criticized President Trump’s go to to a Washington shrine to Pope John Paul II, taking explicit intention on the shrine’s management, saying the power was being “egregiously misused and manipulated.”
Days earlier, legislation enforcement used rubber bullets and tear fuel to clear peaceable protesters outdoors the White Home so Trump might stage a controversial photograph op holding a Bible in entrance of St. John’s, the Episcopal church on Lafayette Sq..
Gregory’s subsequent problem includes working with President-elect Joe Biden, who would be the first Catholic president since John F. Kennedy. Some Catholic traditionalists say that Biden, who usually attends Mass, needs to be denied the sacrament of Communion due to his help for abortion rights.
The Catholic Information Company famous that in 2004, the Vatican’s doctrinal chief, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger — quickly to be Pope Benedict XVI — instructed U.S. bishops that politicians “constantly campaigning and voting for permissive abortion” legal guidelines had been committing a grave sin. Such politicians, Ratzinger wrote, needs to be knowledgeable of church educating and never given Communion.
However particular person bishops have vastly differing interpretations, with some arguing that pastors mustn’t withhold Communion as a method to strain politicians.
Biden final yr was denied Communion throughout a marketing campaign cease in South Carolina. However Gregory famous that the bishop in Biden’s hometown of Wilmington, Del., Fran Malooly, has not imposed such a restriction. Gregory indicated he would observe in Malooly’s path.
“I don’t envision imposing any restrictions on his participation within the church. I’ve to problem him,” Gregory stated. “I’ve to confront him. I’ve to remind him of what the church believes and teaches. However I’ve to respect and deal with him with the dignity he deserves, not simply as president however as a human being.”