The previous Portuguese prime minister and U.N. refugee chief was elected by the 193-member meeting to succeed Ban Ki-moon after a hotly contested and clear race in October 2016 that originally included 13 candidates — seven ladies and 6 males. Guterres took workplace on Jan. 1, 2017.
“I’m accessible to serve a second time period as secretary-general of the United Nations, if that would be the will of member states,” Guterres stated in a letter to Bozkir obtained by the Related Press.
A number of diplomats have stated Guterres was ready for the outcomes of the U.S. presidential election and wouldn’t have sought a second time period if Donald Trump received. However one other diplomat aware of his pondering stated Guterres, after greater than 40 years of public service, would have felt he couldn’t desert the U.N. if Trump had defeated President-elect Joe Biden who takes workplace on Jan. 20.
Trump pulled america out of the World Well being Group, the U.N.-backed 2015 Paris local weather settlement and the United Nations Instructional, Scientific and Cultural Group and stopped funding the U.N. inhabitants fund and the U.N. company for Palestinian refugees. Biden has stated the U.S. will shortly rejoin the WHO and the local weather settlement.
U.N. spokesman Stephane Dujarric stated Guterres was responding to a letter from Bozkir on Friday asking his “intentions relating to a second mandate.”
The secretary-general frolicked over the vacations chatting with his household, Dujarric stated, and “I don’t suppose any specific elections cycle in any specific nation impacted his resolution.”
Dujarric stated Guterres referred to as Bozkir Friday after which knowledgeable the 5 everlasting members of the Safety Council — america, Russia, China, Britain and France. China’s U.N. ambassador, Zhang Jun, hosted a lunch for the P5 ambassadors, as they’re referred to as, with the secretary-general on Friday, diplomats stated.
The Basic Meeting elects the secretary-general on the advice of the 15-member Safety Council the place the 5 everlasting members have veto energy, so their assist is essential.
Guterres, 71, bought his first key vote of assist late Monday.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson “warmly welcomed the secretary-general’s resolution to run for a second time period and congratulated him on a profitable first time period,” his workplace stated following a digital assembly between the 2 leaders.
Guterres additionally spoke to leaders of the U.N.’s regional teams on Friday and despatched a letter to the Safety Council on Monday, the U.N. spokesman stated.
As for subsequent steps, a Basic Meeting decision adopted in September 2015 asks the presidents of the meeting and Safety Council to “begin the method of soliciting candidates for the place of secretary-general by a joint letter addressed to all member states.”
Meeting spokesman Brenden Varma stated president Bozkir spoke to Tunisia’s U.N. Ambassador Tarek Ladeb, this month’s council president, on Monday and can meet with him Tuesday, amongst different issues to debate “the following steps on this course of.”
The 2015 decision, which was adopted by consensus, made the beforehand largely secretive collection of the secretary-general extra open and clear. It allowed the world physique’s member states for the primary time to see fundamental details about all candidates, together with their resumes, and to fulfill and query them at open periods.
Simply earlier than Christmas, a bunch of 25 nations from all areas referred to as the Accountability Coherence and Transparency group wrote to the Basic Meeting and Safety Council urging that the choice course of meets “at a minimal” the 2015 requirements of transparency and involvement of U.N. members.
Guterres’ election was a disappointment to ladies, who’ve by no means held the U.N.’s high job, and to East Europeans who’ve by no means had a secretary-general from the area. It was speculated to be subsequent within the casual geographical rotation for U.N. chief when Guterres, a West European was elected.
Since this would be the first time an incumbent is looking for a second time period following the decision’s adoption, and it isn’t but recognized whether or not there shall be every other candidates, the following steps are unclear.
Guterres stated in his reply to Bozkir: “In step with the robust curiosity of the Basic Meeting relating to transparency and inclusivity, I’m prepared to totally meet the expectations referred in your letter, notably with regard to the submission of a imaginative and prescient assertion and to the participation in a casual dialogue with member states.”
The secretary-general stated within the letter that he has labored to reform the United Nations “to fulfill the aspirations of member states, striving for the dignity and the well-being of individuals, whereas guaranteeing the sustainability of our planet for future generations.”
On the day of his election, Guterres pledged to be “a bridge-builder” and to advertise a brand new “diplomacy for peace.”
However the final 4 years have seen the United Nations, the worldwide bastion of multilateralism, and its chief making an attempt to cope with an more and more polarized world going through a pandemic, regional conflicts, a shrinking financial system, rising inequality and escalating U.S.-China tensions.
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