Wednesday, January 20, 2021

Pope elevates 13 new cardinals then places them of their place

Most eliminated their masks once they approached a maskless Francis to obtain their crimson hats, however Cardinal Wilton Gregory, the primary African-American cardinal, stored his on. Gregory additionally was one of many solely new cardinals who stored his masks on when the group paid a singing courtesy go to to retired Pope Benedict XVI.

Throughout his homily, Francis warned the brand new cardinals towards falling into corruption or utilizing their new rank for private development, saying that simply because they’ve a brand new title, “Eminence,” doesn’t imply they need to drift from their individuals.

His feedback mirrored Francis’ fixed grievance concerning the vanity of the clerical class, in addition to his present battles to battle corruption within the Vatican hierarchy.

“Let’s consider so many kinds of corruption within the lifetime of the priesthood,” Francis informed the brand new cardinals, deviating from his ready textual content. In the event that they consider themselves so grandly, “you received’t be pastors near the individuals, you’ll simply be ‘Eminence.’ And when you really feel this manner, you’ll have strayed off the street,” the pope warned.

The ceremony, often called a consistory, is the seventh of Francis’ hold forth and as soon as once more mirrored the Argentine pope’s effort to call cardinals from locations which have by no means had them earlier than or whose service to the church he desires to spotlight. 9 are beneath age 80 and eligible to vote in a conclave to elect a brand new pope, additional solidifying nearly all of Francis-appointed, voting-age prelates within the School of Cardinals.

Gregory, the brand new archbishop of Washington, informed The Related Press forward of the ceremony that he considered his appointment as “an affirmation of Black Catholics in the USA, the heritage of religion and constancy that we symbolize.”

Gregory’s appointment comes after a 12 months of racial protests within the U.S. sparked by the newest killing of a Black man by a white police officer. Francis has endorsed the protests and cited the American historical past of racial injustices.

“There’s consciousness now of the necessity for racial reconciliation, an consciousness that I’ve not seen at this degree and at this depth earlier than,” Gregory stated.

One other social justice-minded cardinal is the retired archbishop of Chiapas, Mexico, Cardinal Felipe Arizmendi Esquivel, who has championed the rights of Mexico’s indigenous peoples and spearheaded efforts to translate the Bible and liturgical texts into native languages.

Francis visited Chiapas in 2016 and has lengthy championed the rights of indigenous peoples. “That may very well be one of many causes (he made me a cardinal) however I can’t affirm it,” Esquivel stated throughout a Zoom name.

The Vatican’s in-house theologian-preacher, Cardinal Raniero Cantalamessa, additionally bought a crimson hat, however he efficiently argued towards being made a bishop as nicely, saying at his age – 86 – he couldn’t tackle the accountability. He additionally eschewed a crimson cassock for Saturday’s ceremony, utilizing as an alternative his brown hooded friar’s robes coated with a white “rochet” vestment.

After the ceremony, Francis and the brand new cardinals paid a go to to Benedict, who lives throughout the Vatican gardens in a transformed monastery. Francis, once more sans masks, greeted his predecessor warmly. The cardinals greeted Benedict, kissed his hand and sang a prayer because the retired pope, who’s 93 and frail, listened. Solely Gregory and one different new cardinal stored his masks on throughout the encounter.

The ceremony happened towards the backdrop of the COVID-19 pandemic, which erupted in Italy in February and has seen a resurgence this fall. The Vatican is beneath a modified lockdown, with the Vatican Museums shuttered and Francis’ public basic audiences cancelled. As an alternative he holds them in non-public, livestreamed.

The cardinal candidates and others who got here to Rome from afar for Saturday’s service had been required to endure 10 days of Vatican-mandated quarantine on the pope’s resort, the place meals had been delivered to their rooms.

Often, consistories are stuffed with events and crowds, with days of receptions, Plenty and dinners for the brand new cardinals and their buddies. The consistory itself is often adopted by “courtesy visits,” the place the brand new cardinals greet well-wishers and most of the people from the grandeur of their very own reception rooms within the Apostolic Palace or Vatican auditorium. This 12 months, there have been no courtesy visits, and every cardinal was given a 10-guest restrict.

With Saturday’s new cardinals, Francis has named 73 of the 128 voting-age cardinals, in comparison with 39 for Pope Benedict XVI and 16 for St. John Paul II. Whereas the result of a future conclave can by no means be predicted, it’s not a stretch to counsel {that a} hefty majority of immediately’s electors presumably share the pastoral and doctrinal attitudes of the pope who named them.

The geographical make-up of the School of Cardinals has additionally shifted beneath Francis away from Europe, although Europe stays the best voting bloc with 53 electors. The Americas – North, Central and South and the Caribbean – collectively have 37 cardinal electors, despite the fact that an estimated 40% of the worlds Catholics dwell in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Francis has continued the development of naming cardinals from the “peripheries” of the Catholic Church: Brunei bought its first-ever cardinal with the Vatican’s ambassador to the nation, Cardinal Cornelius Sim.

Rwanda additionally bought its solely cardinal with the archbishop of Kigali, Antoine Kambanda, whose household was slaughtered throughout the Rwandan genocide. Kambanda made the journey to Rome for the ceremony, Sim stayed dwelling as a result of COVID-19 restrictions.

Historical past’s first Jesuit pope has additionally elevated the variety of cardinals who belong to non secular orders, naming three Franciscans this time round in a 12 months wherein the pope, who named himself after St. Francis of Assisi, launched an encyclical impressed by the saint’s name to fraternity and solidarity with the weakest.

This model has been edited to right the spelling of the Brunei cardinal’s surname in penultimate graf to Sim, not Sin.

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