WASHINGTON (AP) — She’s guided the Senate by means of two impeachment trials, vexed Democrats and Republicans alike with parliamentary opinions and helped rescue Electoral School certificates from a pro-Trump mob ransacking the Capitol. She additionally does spot-on impersonations of senators together with Bernie Sanders.
Elizabeth MacDonough, an English literature main and the Senate’s first lady parliamentarian, is about to exhibit anew why she’s certainly one of Washington’s most potent, revered but obscure figures. Any day, she’s anticipated to disclose if she thinks a federal minimal wage increase, progressives’ most prized plank in Democrats’ $1.9 trillion COVID-19 reduction plan, ought to fall from the invoice.
Her choice, a political minefield prone to elicit groans from whichever facet she disappoints, will play an outsized position in deciding the wage improve’s destiny. It is probably not definitive — majority Democrats would possibly strive overriding an opinion they do not like.
“Elizabeth has a soul-crushing job, to which she brings an unlimited quantity of soul,” stated her predecessor, Alan Frumin, whom she changed when he retired in 2012.
A part of MacDonough’s job, during which she’s alleged to be nonpartisan, is enduring high-stakes lobbying from each events when she’s making pivotal choices. However she’s discovered a house within the Capitol, the place she’s spent many of the previous three many years after beginning as an assistant Senate librarian in 1990. “She is aware of the names of each police officer and janitor,” Frumin stated.
Typically, the strain will be extraordinary. Frumin stated that when the Senate was enacting former President Barack Obama’s 2010 well being care legislation — which was opposed by Republicans and infuriated grassroots tea occasion conservatives — he had police safety at his residence as a precaution. “And the political local weather hasn’t gotten friendlier,” he stated.
Even so, MacDonough, 55, has garnered excessive marks from each events. Underscoring that, whereas she was initially appointed in 2012 by Democrat Harry Reid of Nevada, Senate majority chief on the time, she was retained by Sen. Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., when he grew to become majority chief in 2015.
“She’s very stable. She listens to all of the proof,” Sanders, the impartial Vermont senator and chief sponsor of the minimal wage proposal, stated in a latest interview.
“She is an excellent lawyer, a radical and honest referee and a strolling encyclopedia of Senate precedent and process,” McConnell spokesman David Popp stated Tuesday.
She’s additionally used the time to hone a capability to copy the voices and cadence of a number of senators together with Sanders, associates say.
MacDonough’s earned her popularity for equity whereas serving to steer the Senate by means of a few of its highest-profile moments. Rulings she issued hanging anti-abortion and different provisions from quite a few failed GOP makes an attempt to repeal Obama’s well being care legislation weakened their payments.
She helped Chief Justice John Roberts preside over then-President Donald Trump’s 2020 Senate impeachment trial, and was beside Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., for Trump’s second trial this month. Trump was acquitted each instances.
And as Trump supporters fought previous police and into the Capitol final month in hopes of disrupting Congress’ certification of Joe Biden’s Electoral School victory, MacDonough and different staffers rescued these ballots and hustled mahogany packing containers containing them to security. MacDonough’s workplace, on the Capitol’s first ground, was ransacked and declared against the law scene.
Raised by a single mom within the snug Washington suburb of Chevy Chase, Maryland, MacDonough graduated with an English literature diploma from George Washington College. She started her Senate profession in its library earlier than leaving to get a legislation diploma at Vermont Regulation Faculty.
She labored briefly as a Justice Division trial lawyer earlier than returning to the Senate in 1999, this time as an assistant within the parliamentarian’s workplace. Lower than two years later, she helped Vice President Al Gore preside over Congress’ certification of electoral ballots that sealed his personal 2000 election defeat to George W. Bush.
“It was very thrilling and humbling,” MacDonough stated in a Vermont Regulation Faculty alumni profile.
As Democrats start pushing Biden’s sweeping reduction bundle by means of Congress, they’re utilizing a particular process that shields the invoice from Senate Republican filibusters, which require 60 votes to thwart. That is out of attain for Democrats in a 50-50 chamber they management with Vice President Kamala Harris’ tie-breaking vote.
However Senate guidelines require that gadgets in such a invoice should have a considerable price range affect that’s not “merely incidental” to the language’s most important supposed goal.
MacDonough has been assembly with Democrats who’ve tried persuading her that their minimal wage provision meets that check, and Republicans who’ve informed her it would not. Democrats wish to elevate the federal ground, mounted at $7.25 hourly since 2009, to $15 over 5 years.
The Senate often heeds the parliamentarian’s recommendation, which is whispered to the senator presiding over the chamber. However the majority occasion will on uncommon event power a vote to overrule the parliamentarian.
If MacDonough decides the minimal wage hike ought to stay within the invoice, it will doubtless survive as a result of GOP opponents would want an unachievable 60 votes to take away it. However not less than two Democrats have expressed opposition to the $15 proposal, so it nonetheless could possibly be amended and even dropped.
If MacDonough says it needs to be stricken, Democrats would don’t have any probability of garnering 60 votes to overrule her. However they may select the hardly ever utilized, hardball tactic of getting the presiding officer, presumably Harris, ignore her and announce that the minimal wage language meets the check to remain within the general laws.
That will power Republicans to search out 60 votes to strip the supply, which they’d fail to do. Such a tactic known as the nuclear choice as a result of Democrats can be utilizing their majority to muscle by means of guidelines modifications, enraging Republicans and alluring a future tit-for-tat retaliation.
Majority Democrats overruled MacDonough in 2013, eliminating filibusters for government department and most judicial nominees. In 2017, Republicans prolonged that to Supreme Court docket picks. “It was a stinging defeat that I attempted to not take personally,” she stated throughout a 2018 graduation speech at her legislation faculty.